Some time ago we spoke about what implants are and why they are a good option for our teeth. We learned about the benefits of implants and certain basics of the procedure. In today’s blog we are going to talk about three very common types of dental implants: All-On-4 Implants, Basal Implants, and Zygomatic Implants.
- All-On-4 Implants:
All-On-4 implant is a commonly used implant in recent times. What technically should happen is that each tooth being replaced should be replaced individually, one at a time, which means there would be one screw for each implant. But in All-On-4 that is not the case. The entire set of teeth (16 teeth) is fixed on only 4 screws, hence the name.
The benefit of this type is that it is less invasive. Especially for people who need all the teeth on one jaw replaced. 4 screws are always better than 16. The drawback to this type of implant is that it is time consuming and requires multiple sittings. The process is lengthy as it includes extraction, time for healing, first screw implant, time for graft acceptance and final screw and tooth implant. But in spite of these drawbacks, it is still popular as it is less painful and invasive compared to the other types.
- Basal Implants:
Basal implants are also known as cortical implants. This implant is the most chosen one, because of its numerous advantages. In this procedure, when the tooth is decayed and needs to be removed, the dentist removes it after giving anesthesia. He then implants the screw in the jaw bone right away and fixes the new tooth on that. The job is done in one sitting. It decreases time spent on the dentist’s chair. And also saves us from going back and forth to the dentist.
Advantages of this implant:
- it can be done immediately after the tooth is extracted
- minimal chances of failure of the procedure
- no grafting is involved
- uses available bone
- future infections/damage of single tooth can be resolved easily, as opposed to All-On-4 or Bridges where the entire fixture must be removed
- faster and more stable repairing capacity
- less post operative swelling and faster recovery time
- no major anatomical structures are changed or damaged
These are also known as single piece implants, because in this type of implants the connecting piece and the implant are fused as one single piece.
- Zygomatic Implants:
Zygomatic treatments are done when other implants cannot be done. This could be due to various reasons like, when the bone under the jaw, where we usually do the implants, is weak and the jaw bone is not able to accept the implant.
That is when the screws for the implant are fixed in the zygomatic bone, also known as cheek bone. And then tooth implant is fixed.
The benefits of zygomatic implants are that grafting and sinus lift procedures are avoided, and therefore it takes lesser time for the treatment.
Hope this was helpful. But please always consult your doctor and ask any questions necessary before choosing your preferred procedure.