TMJ, TMJD, and TMD treatments in Hyderabad
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders
The temporomandibular joint is a hinge that links your jaw to your temporal bones, which are located in front of each ear. It enables you to talk, chew, and yawn by allowing you to move your jaw up and down and side to side.
Temporomandibular disorders are problems with your jaw and the muscles that regulate it (TMD). However, it is sometimes incorrectly referred to as TMJ (temporomandibular joint disorder).
Possible cause of TMJ disorder include:
- Tooth & Jaw alignment
- Stress & Teeth grinding
Before starting therapy, it’s critical to have a proper diagnosis. Checking the joints and muscles for pain, clicking, popping, or trouble moving is a part of the dental exam. The dentist may send you to a physician or another dentist, depending on the diagnosis.
The dentist will discuss your symptoms and examine your jaw.
Your doctor will probably:
- When you open and close your mouth, pay attention to and feel your jaw.
- Examine your jaw’s range of motion.
- To find areas of pain or discomfort around your jaw, press on them.
If our dentist suspects a problem, you may need:
- X-rays of your teeth & jaw to examine them.
- A CT scan is applied to get detailed pictures of the bones that make up the joint.
- An MRI scan might identify issues with the joint’s disc or the soft tissue that surrounds it.
TMJ arthroscopy is occasionally used to diagnose TMJ disorders. A short, thin tube (cannula) is introduced into the joint space during TMJ arthroscopy. A tiny camera (arthroscope) is then inserted to observe the region and assist in making a diagnosis.
TM joint disorder treatment:
TMJ problem symptoms may go away without therapy in certain situations. If your symptoms persist, your doctor may suggest several therapy choices, typically more than one to be used simultaneously.
Surgical or other procedures
When other methods don’t help, the dentist might suggest other procedures such as:
- Arthrocentesis. Arthrocentesis is a minimally invasive technique in which tiny needles are inserted into the joint, and fluid is irrigated into the joint to remove debris and inflammatory byproducts.
- Injections. Corticosteroid injections into the joint may be beneficial for certain patients. Injecting botulinum toxin type A (Botox, others) into the chewing muscles can alleviate discomfort linked with TMJ problems on a rare occasion.
- TMJ arthroscopy. A short, thin tube (cannula) is introduced into the joint space, followed by the insertion of an arthroscope and the use of small surgical tools for surgery. TMJ arthroscopy carries fewer risks and problems than open joint surgery, but it does have certain drawbacks. In certain situations, arthroscopic surgery can be just as successful as open joint surgery in treating various TMJ problems.
- Modified condylotomy. The TMJ is addressed indirectly with modified condylotomy, which involves surgery on the jaw but not the joint itself. It may be beneficial in the treatment of pain and the prevention of locking.
- Open-joint surgery. Your doctor or dentist may recommend open-joint surgery (arthrotomy) to repair or replace the joint if your jaw discomfort does not respond to more conservative therapies and appears to be caused by a structural issue in the joint. However, open-joint surgery has higher risks than other treatments and should be carefully evaluated after evaluating the benefits and drawbacks.
Make an appointment with Eledent Dental Specialists to get the best services at reliable TMJ treatment costs.